The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010


^ The Triple Index or CyberFilter
The CyberFilter, or as it has latterly become known “the Triple Index”, is Stafford Beer’s answer to providing a balance between "a measure of achievement which is both The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 less loaded, in terms of the emotional appeal of profits, and which is also more comprehensive, in terms of the real resources at risk” and “The measure must none-the-less be The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 expressed in a common metric for the whole of the corporation. If money is not the unit, then we must think in terms of pure numbers” (Brain of the Firm in 1972; page 162 -- 163). It The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 must be emphasised here that I will maintain Stafford’s фокус on the holistic performance and not discreet risks such as insurance or credit.


The graphic depicts how performance is The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 measured and explains the derivation of its component elements. In addition the following should be added:




This has been added in accordance to the researchers hypothesis that whilst the social system in фокус The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 may be viable, the market, its product and certain other factors have bearing on its long-term viability. It is the element of time that is coming to Prof Vester The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010’s predictability comment that is essential in both determining the viability of the system as well as its predictability as a model.


^ Team Syntegrity – TSI
Team Syntegrity (Bryman and Bell 2007)) “TS” is a The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 non-hierarchical method to promote the acquisition, and dissemination of information that facilitates team building, innovation and planning such that communication can be open and synergy captured. As Allenna D Leonard PhD goes The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 further to say: “the freedom to explore content is contained in a protocol which depends on tight schedules and rigorous interconnections”.


Stafford Beer describes the creation of Team Syntegrity in ^ Beyond Dispute The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010: the Invention of Team Syntegrity and its links to R Buckminster Fuller’s Tensegrity (Tensile Integrity)(see Tensegrity in Appendices). Allenna Leonard, Stafford Beer’s partner and collaborator better expresses The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 the background for TS as follows:


Beer had been pursuing an interest in finding a way around the paradox of peripherality vs. centrality for years. This phenomena was described mathematically by Alex Bevalas in The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 his work on group dispersion and has been experienced by just about everyone who has tried to accomplish something in an organisational context. Peripheral reality of group members leads to miscommunication The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010, alienation and low morale but centrality is required for effective action. As the group grows beyond a handful of people, the needed centrality can only be gained at the cost of increasing peripheral rowdy The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010. This paradox is being felt today in many organisations who are moving to flatter management structures. Few people mourn the loss of the strict hierarchies that often degenerate into The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 autocracies. They put layers of supervisors and managers between the floor, where the work was done, and the level where the important decisions were мейд, that stifled initiative and responded much too slowly to The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 change. But the flatter structures sometimes become discontinuous and leave people in a state of peripherality - floating between the self-directed work team and the upper management.


This interest meshed The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 well with another of Beer's observations: that the most interesting and creative conversations at a conference seemed to take place informally, "in the bar". He suggested a "counter conference" to try to capture and The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 enhance the informal talk.

^ Source: Team Syntegrity Background.pdf – Allenna D. Leonard PhD


The application of TS in this research is not envisaged but rather the knowledge that a method exists The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 to open communication using its format will be discussed with interviewees in order to gauge their reaction and contextual application going forward.



^ Vester Sensitivity Model



The Sensitivity Model by Prof. F. Vester The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010® is presented to us in his book the ‘Art of Interconnected Thinking’ (Beer 1994), and his introduction is as follows:


"our dilemma in dealing with complexity stems from the fact that our whole education The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 tends towards drawing simple logical conclusions and defining obvious cause and effect relations. We learn little at school (and usually during our subsequent training) of networks of interconnections in open systems with The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 their frequent a causal behaviour. As a result we tend to shrink from these, preferring to concentrate on matters of detail instead. Simple cause and effect relations exist only in The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 theory; they have no existence in reality, where all is indirect effects, networks of connections, and time delays.”


Prof Vester is describing the complex interaction between a set of closely and loosely coupled agents whose The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 feedback and feed-forward activities combined to make the whole that is not simply discernible to our conventional investigations. Prof Vester however gives us an insight to how to investigate the internal The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 network by iteratively and recursively questioning those who are actors within it and provides a tool in the sensitivity model’s computer program to record and then test in The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 a scientific manner.


“Complex is not the same as complicated” is a quote (page 27) where he starts to compare the understanding of complex systems in the same way we do “the functions of an The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 organism”. By providing us with the algorithm and a set of guidelines we iteratively build from simple products the connections and levels of activity that they can attain so that the combined program The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 allows us to model what is going on. As Prof Fester says the outcomes are generally counterintuitive to our cause and effect worldview.


On page 91 Prof Vester brings us The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 to the concept of time:


“Each complex system has a specific time horizon, within which reasonably accurate predictions about how the system will develop can be мейд. Any forecast beyond that, however The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010, only has a meaning of a qualified basis. This deterministic time horizon differs hugely from system to system.”


In this manner Prof Vester is alerting us to the fact that time is not a simple The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 universal constant but that complex systems have their own reference frames within which predictability can be accurate.


The two graphics above shows the basic approach to the system tools and The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 the internal recursive structure of the sensitivity model within each of the different elements. Within each of the components of a set of structured parameters guides the enquirer to build and connect a model The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 of his/her system. Whilst the feedback processes are obvious the feed-forward parameters are embedded in the fuzzy logic that comprise the structure of the embedded network theory.


The enquiry The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 process required to achieve both a sketch and detailed operations of a client’s system can be obtained using the Team Syntegrity methodology as it is uniquely structured to capture all The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 the interactions in a non-hierarchical manner.


Prof Vester’s model is subtly different from the ‘Viable System Model’ as it can create a range of different systems that are not necessarily structured in The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 the same terms that Stafford Beer sets down for the VSM but be viable nonetheless. In conjunction with Buckminster Fuller’s Tensegrity architecture Professor Vester’s model provides additional tools to analyse The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 time, reference frames and the ability to predict the operations of a bounded system.



^ R. Buckminster Fuller’s: Tensegrity Model
The following is a description from the Malik organisation’s The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 paper on Team Syntegrity and I put this first to show the linkage with that aspect of the research:


“The architectonics of natural structures: Fuller’s «Tensegrity»

«To do more with The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 less»: when inventing Team Syntegrity, Stafford Beer applied R. Buckminster Fuller’s architectonic principle of efficiency in the design of things (which Fuller demonstrated time and again by innovative cars, houses, ships and domes The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010) to efficiency in the design of co-operation. The objective of both scientists was to achieve maximum stability, robustness and content of output with a minimum of input.


Fuller (1895–1983) is regarded as one The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 of the foremost inventors of the twentieth century – he has sometimes been described as a modern-day American Leonardo da Vinci. He held numerous honorary doctorates (although he was expelled from The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 Harvard University as a student and thereafter was self-taught), 25 US patents and was the author of 28 books. Fuller is best known today for his geodesic domes, the lightest, most stable The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 and most cost-efficient structures ever built (see Fig. 1). Even early in his career, he looked to nature for efficient construction solutions. Among other things, he discovered that nature never builds with right The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 angles instead preferring, in the main, 60° angles. He transferred this principle to domes using equilateral triangles. This method of construction achieves stability not by compression, as in traditional building, but by the distribution The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 and concurrent application of tension and pressure. As in the open- spoked wheel, the unity or integrity of the structure is determined by the distributed tensile stress of the entire The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 system. Fuller called this principle «Tensegrity» (tensile integrity)2. (Source: Team Syntegrity – Using Cybernetics for Opinion-Forming in Organisations: Malik on Management: 05/01 Vol 9)


However Tensegrity does not only apply to the process The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 of team building and information gathering. The hypothesis states it can create organisational structures of its own that show resilience but not closure under the autopoeitic rules needed for the Viable System Model.


The The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 aspects of Tensegrity that interest this research is the translation of architectural forms where modules are connected through a mathematical balancing of tension and compression across the whole into an organisational structure The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 where functional nodes are linked by channels that manage the tension/compression of communication and decision issues.


The arch in the graphic is formed by tubes connected by wires that ultimately The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 are grounded through the organisation of the arch into base plates. The dependency here is the ground for the sum tension is taken through the base plates as a single link. Consider this as The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 an organisation and the ground as the owner/manager; great dependency is placed on one person.
^ Algorithmic vs Linear or Deterministic Modelling



The language of mathematics has changed over the last The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 100 years as convention rationalises the different contributions innovators have provided to understanding our world in mathematical models. However there are fundamental issues when addressing how we look at the world and that The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 of the mathematics we are taught at schools. The former is generally unseen to us as a model however the latter is predominantly a cause-and-effect process best illustrated in deterministic The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 methods (Vester 1997).


Algorithmic and recursive mathematics deal with the complex interactions of networks of agents over many different dimensions and is only a subject that has come to the fore as computer The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 networks provide us with greater and greater data on a range of subjects from the weather, biology and economic activity.


Game theory, cellular automata and complexity analysis fall into the area The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 of non-linear analysis. Traditional time-series analysis used in predicting risk, whether for insurance or for the capital markets, loses a vast amount of detail in the simple process of The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 sorting whereas algorithmic models such as very sensitivity model by Prof Vester capture all of the parameters and their feedback networks using simple functional modes. Similarly the viable system model of Stafford Beer identifies functions The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 rather than discreet events.


The hypothesis will attempt to use algorithmic models to identify the different reference frames within a complex, layered and coupled set of systems.



^ An Axiomatic Language for Financial The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 Products



In 1994 whilst working with Merrill Lynch in a joint venture project the decision was мейд to spend the first 6-months reviewing the language and concepts in the insurance and The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 capital markets in order to make sure we spoke and understood the underlying risks and processes. It was necessary to create a new axiom of finance, ‘principal forgiveness’, in order that The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 we could derive a proper grammar, not only to describe the current tableau of financial products, but also ensure all potential products could be expressed using a structured finance approach.


A ‘Principal Forgiveness The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010’ product states: “that a principal sum is supplied now, or in the future, for a cost and upon certain conditions but once satisfied and drawn no principal is repayable”. Therefore “options The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010” and “insurance” are types of principal forgiveness products.


^ So you want to be a Researcher?





The site informs you that: according to Guba (1990), paradigms can be characterised through their: ontology (What is reality The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010?), epistemology (How do you know something?) and methodology (How do go about finding out?). These characteristics create a holistic view of how we view knowledge: how we see ourselves in relation to this The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 knowledge and the methodological strategies we use to un/discover it. (Vester 2007)




^ Figure 6: Source - (Researcher? 2009)




Figure 7: Source - (Researcher? 2009)




Figure 8: Source - (Researcher? 2009)



^ Complexity: Papers by Stafford Beer, John Casti & Steven Durlauf



The following papers The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 illustrate and summarise the work being done in the Complexity Sciences especially the stock market and governance that is of interest to Complexity Economics.


Included is Daniel Trietsch’s paper explaining The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 modern management approaches in a cybernetic manner. This does not include a comment on 6-Sigma and I asked Daniel why not, it would seem to be outside what he saw The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 as an immediate review but would consider including it later. Permission was granted to include the paper herein.

1 Are the creation of and trademarked by J.P. Morgan, now JPMorganChase

2 Also called Gaussian or Weiner The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 process, or Brownian motion

3 www.g20.org/Documents/FM__CBG_Declaration_-_Final.pdf

4 Investment objective

5 The latter is mentioned by Prof. Vester, ‘Art of Connected Thinking’ page 91

6 See Appendices for a fuller definition

7 Topography - the The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area; Topology - the way in which constituent parts are interrelated or arranged

8 Autopoiesis literally means "auto (self)-creation" (from the Greek: auto – αυτό for self The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010- and poiesis – ποίησις for creation or production)

9 Beer uses ‘black box’ (Beer 1994) but attribution has gone to J C Maxwell in 1860’s with modern application via Wilhelm Cauer in 1941 for Network transfer The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 processes

10 http://www.bis.org/stability.htm

11 Model-bias is defined here as the type and consistent application of management and functional models

12 This was posted to a Wikipage on Complexity Economics

13 Attributed to James Clerk The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 Maxwell by Prof. Ranulph Glanville but clearly alluded to by Wilhelm Cauer 1941 “process of network synthesis from the transfer functions of black boxes” although coined later by others

14 See Ecosystem, Economics & Recursion The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010 in Glossary of Terms

15 See previous definition of autopoeisis

16 Kuhn, The structure of scientific revolutions 1970

17 http://www.ecosystems.ws/the_ecosystem_concept.htm

18 Biotic refers to biological agents and abiotic to non-biological see 1 above

Stefan M Wasilewski The Triple Index or CyberFilter - Stefan m wasilewski: Upgrade Report: April 2010: Hull Business School Page 75 of 75 Student: 361429

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