THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD

(To Units One—Three)

19. Name the oblique moods used in the following sentences and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. If I were young I should have a walking holiday. 2. If I were you I should pay no attention to what she says. 3. The vase is beautiful. You wouldn't THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD find another to match it if you tried. 4. If you hated sick people you wouldn't be a doctor, dear. 5. They say Frank has changed greatly. — Oh, yes. You would hardly know him if you met him. 6. If I had known that, I shouldn't have come. 7. We should THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD never have found the house if a passer-by hadn't helped us. 8. If you had left earlier you would have caught the tram. 9. If you had taken the medicine the doctor prescribed you, you would feel better now. 10. If you had read the article I recommended, you'd THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD know how to answer such questions.

20. Comment on the mood of the verb in the following sentences:

1. I'll help you if I can. 2. Shut the door after you! 3. She did not know where she was and what had happened. 4.1 remember it so clearly as if it had happened THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD only yesterday. 5. She promised she would be calm. 6. She wouldn't be calm if she knew what has happened. 7. She said she didn't know me. 8. Don't look at me as if you didn't know me. 9. The article was not difficult and I could translate it. 10. If I had a THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD dictionary I could translate the article. 11. If I had not told him, he would never have known. 12. She was sure I had not told him the bad news.

21. Complete the following sentences a) using the Conditional Mood;

1. If it were not so late ... . 2. If it were Sunday today ... . 3. If THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD you invited him ... . 4. If I were you ... . 5. If she lived in Moscow ... . 6. If you had waited -a little ... . 7. If I could play the piano.... 8. If you had done as I told you .... 9. If she were my sister.... 10. If the weather were fine ... .

b) using the Subjunctive Mood:

1. We THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD should go to the country if .... 2.1 should help her if.... 3. He would have done it for you, no doubt, if.... 4. They would play tennis now if .... 5.1 should have come yesterday if.... 6. What would you do if... ? 7. It would be very nice if.... 8. I'd have a walking holiday if.... 9. They THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD'd be only very glad if.... 10. Everything would have been all right if....

22. Supply the correct mood of the verbs in brackets:

1. If they (not to help) us we (not to find) the way. 2. If I (to have) enough money I (to buy) this cassette-recorder THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 3. You (to be) able to speak English better if you (to study) harder. 4. If she (to be) older she (to understand) you better. 5. If he (to be) in town yesterday he (to call) on us. 6. We (to enjoy) the play better if it (not to be) so long. 7. My uncle (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD be) able to help us if he (to be) here. 8.1 (to do) the same if I (to be) there. 9. If I (to know) of your arrival I (to meet) you. 10. If you (to know) what it is all about, you (not to keep on) smiling. 11. If you (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD go) to the theatre last night, I'm sure, you (to enjoy) the play. 12. He (to act) differently if he (to realize) the situation. 13. If she (to come) earlier she (to be) able to see them before they went out. 14. Nobody told me about your trouble. I (to help) you if THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD I (to hear) about it. 15.1 (to come) sooner if I (to know) you were here. 16. We (not to know) anything about their plans for the summer holidays if Mario (not to send) us a letter. 17. If you (to come) between two and three yesterday you (to find) him in THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 18. If I (to be) you I (to have) a long wall' "s the park. 19. If 1 (can) help you I readily (to do) so, but you know I can't. 20.1 must be off now. If it (not to be) so late I (to stay) a little longer.

23. Change into sentences THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD of unreal condition:

E x a m p l e s: She won't help us as she is not here. — She would help us if she were here.

We did not meet so often because she lived far from my place. — We should have met more often if THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD she had not lived so far from my place.

1. They will do it if they can. 2. It isn't summer now, and we don't go to the country. "3. He doesn't write to me, and I don't write to him. 4. She didn't find the book because THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD she didn't open the bag, 5. It will be better if they don't come. 6.1 didn't give it to you because you were out. 7.1 can't knit another sweater as I have no more wool. 8.1 don't study Italian as I haven't much spare time. 9. She THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD didn't follow the doctor's advice and fell seriously ill. 10. The boy is shivering. He isn't quite well. 11. He refuses my help, and the work won't be finished today. 12.1 have a headache because I had a sleepless night. 13. Anne can't translate this song: she THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD doesn't know French well enough. 14. You are not quite all right now because you didn't take the medicine regularly. 15. They took a taxi and didn't miss the train. 16. He doesn't know her address, or he will write to her, I'm sure. 17. The garden doesn't THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD look beautiful because the trees are bare. 18. He makes so many mistakes because he doesn't know grammar well enough. 19. Will you do it for me if I ask you?

24. Translate these sentences into English:

1. Что бы вы произнесли, если б я пригласил его провести с нами субботу и восхресенье THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD? 2. Какое лечущее средство вы бы рекомендовали, если у мальчугана заболит гортань? 3. Если б я искусна отлично играть на рояле, я бы сыграла вам. 4. Мальчишка не дрожал бы, если б ему не было холодно. Дайте ему чашечку жаркого чая. 5. Мы бы с наслаждением посидели еще часок, если б THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD не было так поздно. 6. Если б я знала, что ты позвала меня, чтоб упрекать, я бы не пришла. 7. Если б вы часто воспринимали лекарства, которые прописал доктор, вы бы ощущали себя сейчас еще лучше. 8. Если б мы начали работать рано днем, мы бы уже все окончили. 9. На вашем месте я бы THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD с ними не спорила. То, что они молвят, правда. 10. Знай мы это тогда, мы бы приняли меры. И. Если б все было в порядке, он не смотрелся бы таким озабоченным. 12. Я бы издавна это сделала, если б знала, что это так принципиально. 13. Если б ты последовал моему совету, все THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD было бы сейчас в порядке. 14. Если б вы не отказались от его предложения, мы бы уехали все вкупе, а не посиживали бы тут одни. 15. Я уверен, что вы могли бы сделать это без моей помощи, если б попытались. Это было совсем не тяжело. 16. Я бы, пожалуй THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD, осталась, если б мне разрешили. 17. Вы бы сберегли время, если б поехали поездом, а не пароходом. 18. Если б вы знали его так же отлично, как я, вы бы ему тоже доверяли. 19. Я бы издавна ответила на твой вопрос, если б могла. 20. Если б вы мне позвонили, я бы зашел вчера THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 21. На вашем месте я бы не пошел туда без приглашения.

25. Comment on the use of the Subjunctive Mood and translate the sentences into Russian:

a) 1. You were very kind to that foreigner, Dick. I wish that we could see him. 2. Dora wished she had got her book out of the THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD suitcase before the train started. 3.1 wish I had thought of it before. It's a good idea. 4. He nodded his head to her and turned hastily in the direction of his own room. He wished she had not seen him. He wished she had not been there THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 5. He wished heartily that Mildred had not consulted him. 6. It was a beautiful idea. I wished I had thought of it myself. 7.1 wish I could feel sure about it 8. Don't you wish you had come earlier?

b) 1. It seemed as though he wished to speak, but feared to give THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD offence. 2.1 remember now that his colour had gone in a moment and he seemed to breathe as if he had been running. 3. Her eyes had shadows as though she had not slept. 4. Suddenly he smiled and spoke in a changed voice, as if he were confiding a secret. 5. She THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD looked content, as though she had been waiting for this moment all day. 6. Hugh was surprised and annoyed and chilled as if the temperature of the room were sinking steadily. 7. And you behave as if we were two people who were acquainted. 8. You're almost grown-up now, and I'm THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD going to talk to you as if you were grown-up. And you must help me. 9. They stared at each other in the silence of the house, and it was as if they were listening for distant footsteps. 10. There was a curious carefulness about his manner, as though he THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD were concealing some pain.

c) 1. Even if you only thought that I could be of any help to you, I'd be very glad, I'd be very happy to be allowed to stay around. 2. Why say it even if it were true? 3.1 should get there THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD even if I had to walk all the way. 4. Even though you asked him twice he would do it again; he's a stubborn boy. 5. You couldn't have got in touch with him even if you had tried; he wasn't in town. 6. Had we known in time THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD we could have prevented the catastrophe. 7. "You see," said Randall, "I wouldn't go if you didn't want me to." 8.1 think it would be natural if you joined them. 9. "Would everything have been different if mother hadn't died?" she thought 10. No doubt somebody would have noticed if she hadn THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD't been there.

d) 1. If only father were alive! 2. If only it were true! 3. If only I could believe that! 4. If only he had told you the whole story! 5. If only she were with us! 6. If only I hadn't mentioned his name! How foolish of me!

26. Supply THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD the correct mood of the verbs in brackets:

1. I don't know how to address him. I wish I (to know) his name. 2. I feel as if my head (to be) on fire. 3. If only I (to know) earlier, I (to send) you a telegram. 4. My wife says she THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD wishes I (to be) a thousand miles away. 5. He felt as if he (to float) in the air. 6. He stared at me as if I (to ask) him something very odd. 7. At that moment she wished she (not to send) for him. 8. If I (to tell) you you might have THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD thought it was my choice. 9. Even if it (to be) twice as dangerous I (to carry out) my plan. 10.1 wish I never (to see) you. 11. Don't look at me as if you never (to see) me before. 12.1 think it (to be) natural if you (to join) them. 13. Remember her THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD! As if I (can) forget her! 14. Then he suddenly said, "You (to take) me to Grayhallock if I (to ask)?" 15. Don't you think it (to be) rather nice if we (to ask) her to stay on for a week as our guest? 16. "How I wish I (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD be) there with you," I said with deep regret. 17. "Don't be sorry," she said. "I (to be) relieved if you (to go), if it (to be) settled somehow." 18. Well, at any rate, the weather isn't going to present difficulties. It looks as though it (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD set in) fine. 19.1 (to be) sure of it if I (to be) you.

27. Comment on the use of the Conditional Mood and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I shouldn't worry now in your place. Everything will clear up very soon, I'm sure. 2. It wouldn't have astonished THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD me if he had found some reasonable excuse and stayed away. 3. But even if you were right I should prefer to act in my own way. 4. But for my help he would have failed at the final exam. 5. It seems to me that what she refused then she would be glad to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD get now. 6. Sir Horace asked me one or two questions and it wouldn't have been decent manners not to reply. 7. A few years before he would not have said so of Jago. 8. Come along, Jassie! It would do you more harm to stay by yourself THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 9. I'm thinking of good results we've achieved together. We shouldn't have managed them alone. It's a pity to find us divided now. 10. If you break your promise, people will say that Crawford would never have done so in similar circumstances 11. But for the bees we should THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD have no honey. 12. She even didn't want to look in my direction; or else I'd have come up and apologized. 13. He was in a great hurry and had no time to think it over. Otherwise he would have found a better way out. 14. But Mrs. Jago's imitation of THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD Lady Muriel was not exact. Lady Muriel would never have called men by their college titles. 15.1 myself shouldn't agree to that. 16. They would all be only glad to see you. 17.1 should have sent her away, only I thought you wanted her to talk into your machines THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 18. You never did anything good to anyone. If you had done you would have more support now.

28. Translate the sentences into English, paying attention to the use of the Conditional Mood:

1. Было бы полезно посоветоваться с доктором. 2. Было бы любопытно узнать, кто из нас прав: ты либо я THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 3. Было бы приятно искупаться в такую горячую погоду. 4. Было бы отлично испить чашечку кофе. 5. Было бы принципиально выяснить его мировоззрение по этому вопросу. 6. Вам было бы очень полезно заняться спортом. 7. Она бы отлично обучалась, да нередко хворает и прогуливает занятия. 8. Мы бы охотно вам посодействовали, но мы очень заняты сейчас THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 9. Я думаю, она не рассердилась бы,' да уж очень вы шумели. 10. Я поехал бы на юг, но мой доктор мне не советует. 11. Я бы пошел с вами в столовую, но доктор прописал мне диету. 12. Отлично, что вы послушались совета доктора, по другому вам было бы не избежать пневмании. 13. В THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD прошедшее воскресенье дождик лил целый денек, по другому мы поехали бы за город 14. Он гласит, что у него что-то не в порядке с сердечком, а то он принял бы роль в спортивных состязаниях. 15. Если б не боль в голове, я бы присоединилась к вашей компании. 16. Он бы не поправился так THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD стремительно после заболевания, если б не неплохой уход в поликлинике. 17. Если б не его не плохое здоровье, он не сумел бы выдержать всех проблем этой экспедиции. 18. Если б не ваши таблетки, доктор, меня бы положили в поликлинику. Они сотворили волшебство. 19. Если б ты вчера оделась потеплее, ты бы THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD сейчас не кашляла и не чихала. 20. Если б вы знали симптомы кори, вы бы сразу сообразили, что это была не скарлатина. 21. Он поехал бы с нами, если б не его неожиданная болезнь. 22. Странноватая дама! Она не стала бы советоваться с доктором, даже если б ощутила себя плохо. 23. Даже если б THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD ему сделали операцию, это не посодействовало бы. Ему уже ничем нельзя было посодействовать. 24. Было поздно, и было бы естественно, если б нездоровой ребенок заснул, но он не спал и внимательно смотрел на спинку кровати. 25. Вроде бы вы ответили на этот вопрос? 26. Что бы вы сделали на моем месте? 27. Я THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD бы порекомендовала вам обратиться к одонтологу. 28. Я бы этого никогда не сделал без вашей помощи.

29. Supply the correct mood of the verbs in brackets:

1. I knew he (to be) silly, but I (not to believe) that he (to be) as silly as that. 2.1 wish he (to be) a bit THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD stronger against Crawford. 3. After a moment's silence he (to break out): "It (to be) a nuisance if I (to beg) a cup of tea in your rooms?" 4. You must thank him, not we. Without him we (not to achieve) any success. 5. I wish she (not to look THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD) so pale. 6. "If I (to be) Crawford, I (to thank) Winslow much," said Chrystal. 7.1 (to give) a good deal for that assurance! 8. Are you glad to see me? — You're funny, Dick! As if you (not to know). 9. If I (to think) as you do I (to feel THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD) miserable. 10. Mr. Dermant's glance rested on Shelton and quickly fell down to the ground as though he (to see) something that alarmed him. 11.1 wish you (to show) more sign of not liking it in practice. 12.1 can't for the life of me understand why you didn't wait before they THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD decided. I (to expect) you to discuss it with me. 13. When Hilary opened the door the stranger мейд a quick movement forward, almost as if he (to be) going to stick his foot hurriedly to the opening. 14. Her voice sounded as though something (to offend) her. 15.1 wish I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD (can) play tennis as well as you do. 16. He looked up sharply as if he (to make) a dangerous remark 17.1 may travel out with Uncle, but it (to be) such fun if you (to come). 18. He saw it as clearly as though it (to be) before his eyes. 19. But THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD for your friendship I (to feel) lonely here.

30. Translate the sentences into English paying attention to the use of the Subjunctive and the Conditional:

I. Как жалко, что он уехал. 2. Она вожделела, чтоб была ночь заместо утра, чтоб никто не лицезрел, как она злосчастна. 3. Как жалко, что она не THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD сестра мне, я бы ее очень обожала. 4. Как жалко, что сейчас не воскресенье, я бы сводила малышей в зоопарк. 5. Мы пожалели, что оставили его там 1-го. 6. Грустно, что вы мне не верите. Я никогда не накалывал вас. ?. Он пожалел, что ушел рано. 8. Рэндал рассердился так, будто бы были THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD истрачены его собственные средства. 9. Не смотри на меня так, будто бы никогда не лицезрел меня ранее. 10. У нее таковой вид, будто бы она не знает, что сказать. 11. Даже если б мы получили телеграмму вчера, все равно было бы очень поздно. 12. Даже если б я была очень занята, я THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD бы все равно отыскала время навестить ее в поликлинике. 13. Если б только он не был таким ленивым! 14. О, если б я могла быть уверенной, что это так! 15. Если б не велик, он бы нас не догнал. 16. Если б не ваша беспечность, злосчастного варианта не вышло бы. 17. Если б не его сообразительность, мы THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD не сделали бы перевод так стремительно и не могли быть на данный момент свободны. 18. Если б я знал, что ты првдешь, я бы остался дома. 19. Я бы пошел с вами, но у меня болен братишка, и мне нужно идти в аптеку. 20. Это было бы принципиально тогда, но не THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD сейчас. 21. Вам было бы полезно спать с открытым окном круглый год

31. Comment on the use of the Old Present Subjunctive and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. "So be it," returned Steerford. 2. Success attend you! 3. Now it was Wednesday, and he was determined to go, come what might, in the THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD late afternoon. 4. My sentence is that the prisoner be hanged. 5. Whoever he be, he must be punished. 6. See that all be present, when he comes. 7. He insisted that the boy remain in bed. 8. The workers demanded that their wages be increased.

MODAL VERBS[84]

(To Units Four—Six)

can, may

32. Say whether could THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD is the form of the Indicative or of the Subjunctive. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. He took up a position from which he could see what was going around. 2. Oh! If I only could go back to my flower basket! 3. If I thought like you I couldn't stay another THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD day in India. 4. I don't believe I could utter one of the old sounds if I tried. 5. Oh, Gustave, we're so thirsty. Could you bring us some ginger-ale? 6.1 can't tell stories, never could. 7. Shelton could not help a smile; Lady Bonington in THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD the place of the poor! 8. But he could not, did not know how to turn and go away. 9. How could you be so silly, Henry? 10. Do you think you could complete it by the evening? 11. If she had said "He's gone to Mars" she could not have dealt James a more THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD stunning blow. 12. What could he do to help her? If only his father were alive! He could have done so much! 13. He could neither move nor speak. 14. What could you know of such things? 15. Could you believe that? 16. Could it be that he is lying? 17. I wonder THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD what that could have meant? 18. He couldn't be so sure if he didn't know it for certain. 19, Do you think you could command an army? 20. The mountains were a long way away and you could see snow on their tops.

33. Comment on the form and meaning of the verb THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD can. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I can't exactly express my meaning. 2. He could not take his eyes off her. 3. She can play the piano quite beautifully. 4. We'll go away today, if you like. We can easily catch the 3.40. 5. It is quite fine, Clara THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD, the rain has stopped. We can walk to a motor bus. 6. You can't take the knowledge you gave me. 7.1 will let you know, so you can be there. 8. He was so weak that he could not lift his head. 9. He is much better and can walk without my help THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD now. 10. Oh! It can't be true! 11. Oh? Freddy, there must be one (a cab). You can't have tried. 12. He can't have taken it (the box) upstairs this morning. 13. Anne can't mean that, it's not like her. 14. He couldn't have done it all by himself. Somebody THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD helped him, I'm sure. 15. Can you believe the girl? Can it be true? 16. "Can he be my son?" she thought. 17. Could she have done it without consulting me? 18. Can it really be as bad as that? 19. There's such a smell of burning. Daddy. Can THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD I go down and see? 20. James, you can take Agatha down. 21. You can wait in the kitchen. 22. You can keep the change. 23. You can take my other umbrella. 24. What is done cannot be undone. 25. Nothing can be done, it's too late. 26.1 don't believe a single word of his; he can THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD't have failed to leam the news before us.

34. Use the verb can in the correct form followed by the appropriate infinitive:

1. Have you a friend whom you ... (to trust)? 2. What ... Freddy (to do) all this time? He has been gone for twenty minutes. 3. He ... not (to see) me THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. I came when he had gone. 4. I am not a person who ... (to tell) a lie. 5. How ... you (to make) such a mistake as to suppose that I was younger than you? 6, Surely you ... (to do) it before. What have you been doing all the morning THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD? 7. Say what you like, but the work ... not (to do) in two days. 8. Mr. Fenwill's house was built on the top of the hill and ... (to see) from afar. 9.1... not (to sleep) two hours, I still feel tired. 10. He ... not (to be) her father: he is too young. 11. They .„not (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD hear) us. Knock again. 12. If you had asked me for money I... (to lend) you some. 13. He ... (to tell) me the answer but he refused to. 14. ... he still (to sleep)? It seems to me they simply don't want us to see him. 15.1... not (to swim) — I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD wish I... . 16. She has a university education and ... (to make) a career for herself if she hadn't married. 17. You ... not (to forget). I don't believe you.

35. Translate Into English, using; the verb can;

1. He может быть, чтоб он солгал. Это на него не похоже. 2. Неуж-то это правде, что THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD он стал известным актером? 3. Не может быть, чтоб они были брат и сестра. Они совершенно не похожи друг на друга. 4. Навряд ли это так. Во всяком случае мы не можем это обосновать. 5. Любопытно, что вы могли бы предложить при схожих обстоятельствах? 6. Навряд ли он мог допустить такую ошибку. Он THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD опытнейший инженер. 7. Неуж-то все это только его фантазия? 8. Если б не он, мы могли бы заплутаться. Уже темнело. 9. На вашем месте я бы ему не доверял, он может одурачить вас. 10. Навряд ли он так молод. Я увидел у него седоватые волосы на висках. 11. Вы его THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD просто сможете выяснить по великодушному орлиному профилю. 12. Не может быть, чтоб они нас увидели. Мы были достаточно далековато от их. 13. Не может быть, чтоб они нас не увидели. Мы были совершенно близко. 14. Нельзя судить о человеке по наружности. Внешность обманчива. 15. Неуж-то это малая Лиззи? Как она выросла! 16. Могу я THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD созидать управляющего? — К огорчению, нет. Он будет сейчас в 12. 17. Не мог бы ты дать мне конспекты при условии, что я верну их послезавтра? 18. Она уповает, что реально избежать операции. 19. Можно было созидать, что он был взволнован, хотя и старался смотреться беспечным. 20. Можно тебя на несколько слов? — Ну, в чем THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD дело? 21. Это нельзя сделать так стремительно. Вам придется подождать. 22. Он не умел читать по-латыни и не мог осознать, что ему прописал доктор. 23. Неуж-то ты не можешь разъяснить родителям, что ты не в состоянии поехать туда? 24. Сначала он не мог нащупать пульса и решил, что его сердечко не стало биться THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 25. Не мог он этого сказать. Он не так глуповат, как ты думаешь. 26. Я бы издавна мог это сделать, если б знал, что это так срочно. 27. Я не верю, что есть заболевания, которые нельзя излечить. Мы просто не знаем, как их вылечивать. 28. Не может быть, чтоб это была правда THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD.

36. Comment on the form and meaning of the verb may. Translate the sentences into Russsian:

1. It may be so or it may be not... I don't know, and what's more, I don't care. 2. "The old actor was drunk," thought he. "Still there may be truth in what THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD he said." 3. This may be the reason of their refusal to join us. 4. You may want a friend some day. 5. I think we might be great friends. 6. She might be a sistei of Mercy, I should think, sir. 7. Jane may have met him at her uncle THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD's. 8. They may not have come back yet. Let's ring them up and find out. 9. I suppose she might be glad to see him, though I am not sure. 10. Still there is the risk that he might come. 11. If he had brought a weapon Soames might have used it at that THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD moment. 12. If he weren't ill he might be in much greater danger. 13. He had known before he looked, but a vague hope that he might have been mistaken had encouraged him. 14. May I come, Mr. Doolittle? I should be very sorry to miss your wedding THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 15. May I ask whether you complain of your treatment here? 16. Mr. Higgins told me I might come. 17. I think you might work harder! 18. Surely Holly might have told him all this before. 19. Really, mamma, you might have spared Freddy that! 20. He might be seen in the club any night THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD of the year. 21. I suffered most from the thought that people might guess my state. 22. Let's go a little farther, I'm afraid they may hear us from the house. 23. It is possible that he may leave it as it is. 24. I hope your dream may come true. 25. However hard THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD he may work he won't catch up with the group after being so seriously ill for a long time. 26. May I talk to you sometimes? I know I'm not a bit clever but I'll try not to be a bore.

37. Translate these sentences into English, using the THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD verb may.

1. Давайте подождем малость. Он, может быть, еще придет. 2. Она, может быть, ничего об этом не знает. 3. Почти все может показаться нам необыкновенным в чужой стране. 4. Мой вопрос, может быть, обременит задачей вас, но все таки я желаю задать его. Можно? 5. «Тетушка, можно мне взять еще кусочек сахару THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD?» — спросил Том. 6. Может, это всех вас изумит, но я получил приглашение к ним на вечер. 7. Можно остаться дома, а можно и сходить в кино, 8. Позвони Нику, он, может быть, уже лицезрел новый кинофильм. Спроси, стоит его глядеть. 9. По правде, Джон, ты мог бы разъяснить мне с самого начала, как THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD это было принципиально. t0. Если вы бывали в Лондоне, вы, может быть, увидели, что это город контрастов. 11. Я не знаю, где она, может быть, в саду, а, может быть, ушла в библиотеку. 12. Никто не отвечает. Может быть, он еще не возвратился с работы. 13, Я думаю, он, может быть THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD, не знает всех деталей, но основная мысль ему ясна. 14. Может быть, это невежливо, но я скажу ему, чтоб он больше не приходил. 15. Если б он не столкнулся с нами случаем в метро, мы бы, может быть, никогда его больше не повстречали. 16. Мне тоже можно придти, не правда ли? 17. Полностью может THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD быть, что они ожидают нас понизу. 18. Боюсь, мы можем запоздать. 19. Надеюсь, мы встретим там вашу сестру. 20. Оки страшились, что их, может быть, спросят, почему Том не пришел с ними. 21. Вроде бы поздно вы ни возвратились, я буду ожидать вас. 22. Я принес вам большой ящик, чтоб вы могли упаковать ваши THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD книжки.

38. Fill in the blanks with the verbs can or may in the correct form:

1. When you get there tell them to wait. I... be a little late. 2.1 ... come at six. I'll be free by that time. 3. ... this old man be Tom Brown? He ... not THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD have changed so much! 4. None of us know what... happen before it is finished. 5. This ... be a great idea. It ... also be a trap in which England will perish. 6. I'm not sure, but she ... have gone to the village shop. 7. I told them he ... be in the garden. 8. Sh THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD! She ... hear you. 9. How strange!... you believe that? 10.1 haven't seen her for ages. She ... be quite middle-aged by now. 11. Don't send him away. We ... need his advice. 12. I fear they ... miss the train. They left rather late. 13. It ... be seen that he was puzzled. 14. Why do THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD what... never be needed? 15. People ... chatter about her, but they don't know anything definite against her. 16. He ... not have thought of this himself. Who suggested it to him? 17. He... be a medical student though I'm not sure. 18. But what more he ... have said I don't know for I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD left. 19". You ... tell me what he said! I have a right to know. 20. Miss Carter ... have gone to the school to call on Mr. Ever-ard. 21. Then he found that he ... not stay in bed. 22.1... not swim. I expect you .... Everyone ... except me. 23. You ... have warned me THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD beforehand! 24. He ... not have said that. I don't believe you. 25. It was a year or two ago, or it... be three years ago. 26. She came to ask her mother if she ... stay and dance a little longer.

39. Point out the oblique moods and modal phrases with can and may. Translate THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD the sentences into Russian:

1. — Will you be coming again this year, Mr. Welch?

— I might manage it, I suppose.

2. It might never have happened if you'd sent him to a real doctor when he first got sick.

3. "That wouldn't surprise me in the least," Bertrand said, standing THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD aside so that Margaret could pass him.

4. She glanced up quickly as if she had been expecting to be asked this, but he couldn't tell whether she was glad or sorry when it came.

5. — Can you stop talking about it?

— I wish I hadn't said THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD what I did say. I was a fool. I acted like a perfect fool.

6. I think they got back before us. They might have got a taxi.

7. — Why didn't you tell me?

— I couldn't. It wouldn't have done me any good.

8. But for your kindness THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD and understanding I couldn't have done it all in so short a time.

9. I wish I had my car here so that I might drive you home.

10. Had she been a man she might have been described as a bright young man of business.

40. Translate these sentences into English, using can THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD or may.

1. Неуж-то это Джим Стирфорс? Он совершенно старик, седоватый и сутулый! 2. Я думаю, она»не возжелала со мной говорить. — Я бы так не задумывалась. Может быть, она вас не увидела 3. Не может быть, чтоб он околпачил их, он добросовестный человек. 4. И ты не мог THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD додуматься, куда я положила средства? 5. Может, он и знает об этом, а не желает сказать нам. 6. Не может быть, чтоб она не отыскала вашего дома. Я сама отдала ей ваш адресок. 7. Неуж-то ребенок все еще дремлет? Вам издавна пора его разбудить, 8. Вы могли бы сказать мне об этом THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD вчера! 9. Я бы с наслаждением пришел, но, может быть, я буду занят. 10. Может быть, это правда, а может, нет. П. Не могли бы вы одолжить мне 3 рубля до завтра? 12. Я позвоню ему, может быть, он не знает, что случилось. 13. Вам придется поспешить, либо вы сможете запоздать. 14. Я сделаю все, что THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD могу, чтоб посодействовать вам. 15. Куда бы это он мог уйти? 16. Вы могли бы сделать это сами, вы просто не попробовали. 17, Подойди ближе, чтоб я мог лучше тебя разглядеть. 18, Вы сможете его выяснить по фото? 19. Не моху для себя представить, что из этого может получиться. 20. Может быть, новость уже всем известна. 21. Не THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD может быть, чтоб он знал об этом. Он вел бы себя по другому. 22. Кто бы это мог сказать такую вещь? 23. Он, может быть, им все уже поведал. 24. Подожди, пока он придет. Может быть, он разъяснит нам, в чем дело.

Must

41. Comment on the meaning of the verb THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD must. Translate the sentences into Russian;

1. Old age must lean on something, 2. A man must stand up for his rights. 3. You mustn't think it's so very easy. 4. Must it be done before tomorrow? 5. She must work from morning till night to earn her living, 6. One must have a THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD rest after a day of hard work. 7. The only thing he knew for certain was that he must not meet Antonia. 8. You are right, I mustn't stay here. 9. You must be reasonable, Mr. Higgins; really you must. 10. Give him something to eat. He must be hungry. 11. That fellow must THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD be мейд of steel. He's never tired. 12. It's quite a charming letter. Must have taken the poor young man an hour to write it. 13. He must be quite old by now. 14. You must have frightened her. 15. That fellow has seen and felt ten times as THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD much as I, although he must be ten years younger. 16.1 felt that before long my secret must be known. 17.1 hear somebody's steps on the stairs. She must be coming! 18. Judging from the books and papers on his writing-table he must have been working for several hours.

42. Translate the following sentences THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD Into English:

Note:Remember that mustin the meaning of supposition is not used in the negative.

1. Там, должно быть, никого нет. 2. Он, должно быть, ничего не сообразил и обиделся. 3. Она, наверняка, не помнит, что обещала принести нам карту Москвы, 4. Вы, по всей вероятности, не знали, что THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD они переехали в один из пригородов Лондона. 5. Она, наверняка, оставила дверь незапертой. 6. Вы, наверняка, не встречали такового смешного мальчишки, как наш Тим. 7. Вам, должно быть, нелегко этому поверить. 8. Малыши, должно быть, не увидели, что уже стемнело. 9. Он, наверное, ничего об этом не знает. 10. Она, наверняка, совершенно неопытна в переводе мед статей с THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD британского на российский. 11. Это, должно быть, кажется вам неописуемым, но это факт. 12. Он, должно быть, не вызнал вас в массе.

43. Change the following sentences from Active into Passive:

1. You must take this medicine regularly. 2. Students must do homework in time. 3. We can win peace. War is not inevitable THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 4. You may put the book on the upper shelf. 5. You may allow the children to go for a walk. 6. We must discuss the matter not later than tomorrow. 7. Nobody can do it without your help. 8. We must look into the matter. 9. You mustn't take the magazine away. 10. You THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD must post the letter as soon as you have written it. 11. May I take the books and papers away? 12. I must pay for the dinner. 13. You must work for success, 14. You can't describe it. One must just see it.

44. Fill in the blanks with the verbs can, may THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD or must:

1. I have forgotten my own language and ... speak nothing but yours. 2, We ... go somewhere. We ... not wander about for ever. 3. But I think you ... have told us this half an hour ago! 4. You ... see much of interest there. 5. I did not hear him return to the room. I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD... have been asleep. 6. You ... have mistaken him, my dear. He ... not have intended to say that. 7. It seemed possible they ... return. 8. It.. not have happened at Ainswick. 9. No good looking back; things happen as they .... 10. To be ashamed of his own father is perhaps the bitterest THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD experience a young man ... go through. 11. How ... you let things slide like that, Dick? 12.1 think you ... be glad of some coffee before you start back to your hotel. It's such a cold night. 13. It was known — whispered among the old, discussed among the young — that the family pride THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD ... soon receive a blow. 14. And though he undressed and got into bed he ... not sleep. 15. You ... not go out so late at night. 16.1 think it... happen sooner or later. 17.1... come tonight, ... I not? 18. Somebody is knocking at the door. It... be John. — It ... not be John. It's too early for THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD him to be back. 19.1 don't know for certain, but he ... have been a sailor in his youth. 20. They... ask me about him. What should I say?

45, Translate these sentences into English, using the verbs can, may, mash

1. Если вы так думаете, то вы не правы. Вы не должны так THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD мыслить. 2. Может быть, что население вашего городка больше, но что это обосновывает? 3. Сейчас ты свободна и можешь делать, что для тебя нравится. 4. Е этом, должно быть, что-то есть. 5, Он, может быть, ничего не знает о том, что мы собираемся оглядеть достопримечательности городка сходу посла завтрака, 6. Вред THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD ли они возвратились из зоопарка. Они там в первый раз и могут длительно пробыть. 7, Если ты будешь проводить настолько не мало времени перед телеком, у тебя может разболеться голова. 8. Мальчишка, может быть, вырвал картину из книжки, которую вы оставили на столе. 9. Если это так, то его необходимо наказать. 10 Вы сможете отыскать его THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD в саду, я полагаю. Он, должно быть, играет а теннис с Джимом. II. Она, может быть, ничего не знает об этом. Вы тоже не должны ей ничего гласить пока. 12. Она гласит, что поездка в Лондон произвела на нее незабвенное воспоминание. Она никогда не задумывалась, что это может THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD быть так любопытно: узнавать места, о которых она знала из книжек. 13. Мы могли бы отыскать дорогу назад в отель сами, если б Бо-, рис не растерял карту Лондона. 14. Переверни еще одну либо две странички, и ты узреешь фотографию. Скажи мне, если можешь, кто это. 15. Любопытно, что он может делать THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD тут так поздно? — Может быть, он ожидает Мэри. 16. Что же это все-таки за шум? — Это, должно быть, в ванной течет вода. Кто-то умывается. 17. Если б на этот вопрос можно было дать ответ, он был бы дан давным-давно. 18. Кто бы это мог запамятовать ключ у меня на письменном столе THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD? Неуж-то Джим? 19. Не может быть, чтоб Джим запамятовал ключ. Я лицезрел, как он клал его в кармашек. 20. Не могли бы вы придти мало ранее? Это было бы удобнее для меня. 21. Он постоял, раздумывая, можно ли ему неприметно уйти, рассердится ли Минин, когда выяснит. 22. Я не умею гласить по THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD-французски, никогда не умел. 23. Должно быть, тяжело завладеть зарубежным языком, не правда ли?

46. Comment on the meaning of have to. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I'm afraid, I shall have to send him away. 2. Was the fire already laid or did you have to lay it? 3. The rope THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD was so strong that he had to take a knife to cut it. 4. But was it worth while going to bed when he had to be up again at five? 5. I suppose I shall have to go back to London, shan't I? 6. Do you have to get up THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD early every morning? 7. He will have to pay me back before Sunday. 8. How long did you have to stay there? 9. "We shall have to wait a long time for our holidays," she said with a sigh. 10. And you have to go there twice a week, don't you?

47. Fill THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD in the blanks with must or have to:

1. Don't worry about that. You ... do as you think best. 2. My mother was unwell, and I... go to the chemist's. 3.1... go and look at the dinner. 4. Yesterday's rain spoilt my hat completely; I ... buy a THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD new one. 5. There was no one to help him so he ... move the furniture himself. 6. "Oh, hallo," she said; "I thought you ... have gone home." 7. They didn't answer my first knock so I ... knock twice. 8. You ... always come to me if anything goes wrong. 9. He was very sorry to think that THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD he would ... part with it. 10. I had a sleepless night. I ... go and see the doc and get him to give me something, I can't go on like that.

48. Make the following sentences negative and interrogative:

1. He will have to come again. 2. My sister has to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD go to work. 3. They had to go back alone. 4. You have to answer all these questions. 5. I shall have to go out after all. 6. He will have to come on foot. 7. The students had to read the whole book. 8. She has to come every week. 9. He has to stay THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD the night. 10. They had to begin very early.

49. Change the following statements into disjunctive questions:

1. I gather you have to read a lot in English. 2. He had to wait at the station till it stopped raining. 3. The work will have to be done before nightfall. 4. They usually have dinner at home THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 5. She often has to go to the dentist's. 6. You have to go to school on Saturday. 7. They will have to do what they are told. 8. We have to begin before five o'clock. 9. As far as I understand you had to stay there a fortnight. 10. You THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD look a bit tired, you've had a long walk. 11. She has to clean the house herself. 12. They had to finish that last night

50. Group the examples according to the meaning of the "be + infinitive" construction: (i) expressing a previously arranged plan (2) expressing instructions or commands:

1. I am to see him tomorrow THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 2. What am I to do now? 3. You are not to communicate with anybody. 4. She said that I was not to leave the house. 5. She is to return tomorrow. 6. He said that Tom was to apologize. 7. He inquired when the secretary was to come. 8. She says I am not to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD lay the table before twelve o'clock. 9. At what time am I to come? 10. Something must have happened. He was to have come at eight. 11. Jim reminded me that we were to be at the station not later than seven. 12. W^hich of you is to bring THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD the magazines and newspapers?

51. Comment on the use of must, have to, be to and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I want you to obey her. You must do exactly as she says and make no noise. 2. "Well, what am I to do about dinner?" said Miss Handforth. "Spoil it THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD by over-cooking or let it get cold?" 3. Randall was excited. He thought he must telephone her at once, he must see her, somehow, that very day. 4. Emma must have been very beautiful when she was young. She has a fine face. 5. "We are not to be trifled with THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD," returned the policeman in a threatening voice. 6. You must come and have dinner with me some time. 7. He lost all his money at the races and I had to lend him five pounds. 8.1 hope I won't upset or annoy you by speaking frankly. I must have your advice THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 9. Wake up, do you hear! You are to wake up at once. 10. So Frank has come? — Oh, yes; quite unexpectedly. He was to have stayed a week longer. 11. You are not to stay so late. You may leave after dinner. 12. The story was still clear in his THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD mind. He knew what had to be done. He took his pen and wrote in his neat, steady хэнд the title of his new novel.

Need

52. Comment on the meaning of the verb need:

1. He needs sea air. 2. We don't need anything else. 3.1 need not finish my sentence, for you THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD already know what I was going to say. 4. Need it be finished by Saturday? 5. What more do you need? 6. He need say no more to her this evening, and risk giving himself away. 7. You needn't have carried all these parcels yourself. The shop would have delivered them if you had THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD asked them. 8. You needn't take any more pills after next Monday. 9.1 must go at once, but you needn't. 10. You needn't have waited for me, I could have found the way. all right. 11. Looking back I can see exactly how it happened. It need never THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD have happened. 12. And he was always careful to have money in his pocket, and to be modish in his dress, so that his son need not blush for him.

53. Fill in the blanks with didn't have to or needn't have:

1. You ... (to bring) your umbrella, as THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD we are going by car. 2. You ... (to water) the flowers, as it is going to rain. 3. I ... (to translate) it for him, he did it himself, he understands Latin. 4. I... (to answer) the questions, which saved me a lot of trouble. 5. I knew I ... (to lock) the door after THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD me, but how was I to know you wanted to come out, too? 6.1... (to ring) the bell because the door opened before I got to it. 7. I... (to help) them at all, they themselves knew what to do. 8. I ... (to write) him because the news was already known to him. He THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD phoned me shortly afterwards. 9. You ... (to listen) to him. His information was misleading. 10. You ... (to buy) such a lot of flowers. We've already got more than necessary. 11. He... (to get up) so early every day. It was only on that particular occasion that he did. 12. You ... (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD say) if you didn't want to. We could have done without you just as well.

54. Fill in the blanks with mast, have to, be to or need:

1. You ... not (to bring) your books to class tomorrow, we are going to listen to a wireless programme. 2. I'm glad the lessons THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD will begin later now. The children won't... (to get up) so early. 3. You ... not (to learn) the poem. You ... only (to read) it. 4. Children ... not (to play) with matches. 5. It was late, and they ...(to light) a fire to cook their supper. 6. You ... (to give) it back to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD me before you go. 7. You ... not (to be) late for the concert. 8.1 мейд a few mistakes, so I... (to do) the whole exercise again. 9.1... hardly (to say) how important it is. 10. She ... (to be married) next month. 11. You... not (to miss) that film, it is extraordinary THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD good. 12. You ... not (to strike) a match; I can see well enough. 13. Jim ... (to make) a speech at the meeting, but he had fallen ill, so Tom ... (to speak) instead, 14. You ... not (to bring) any food with you tomorrow. I'll have enough for both of us. 15. We ... (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD be) there at 12 sharp. 16, We ... not (to wait) long. A bus came almost at once. 17. You ... (to learn) the whole poem.

55. Translate the sentences into English, using must, ham to, be to or need:

1. Напрасно мы вышли из дому так рано, поезда не будет в течение часа. 2. Мы можем не торопиться THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. Нам не надо быть там ранее 8.30. 3. Вы не должны следовать их примеру. Это было бы тупо с вашей стороны. 4. Любопытно, нужно ли приносить с собой учебники? 5. Мне не пришлось запирать дверь, кто-то уже запер ее. 6. «Если завтра будет сильный мороз, — произнесла мама, — для тебя можно будет THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD не ходить в школу». 7. Вам незачем волноваться, они скоро возвратятся. Наверняка, задержались на набережной Темзы у строения Парламента: их всё тут интересует. 8. Не надо забывать, что в Ист-Энде живут те, кто своим трудом обеспечивают жизнь этого большого городка. 9. Вам не непременно продолжать, я знаю, вы скажете, что посреди THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD строительных памятников Лондона повышенное внимание завлекает Вестминстерское аббатство, построенное в XIII веке. 10. Они должны были повстречаться на мосту Ватерлоо в 6 полудня. 11. Что мне поведать нашим гостям о поездке в Лондон? — Опиши им церемонию караула у ворот английского Тауэра. 12. Она произнесла, в какое время мы должны были придти, и попросила не THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD опаздывать. 13. Мы решили, что детки не должны идти туда одни. 14. Нет нужды упоминать, что Кремль — выдающийся музей и монумент старины. Это всем понятно. 15. Мне пришлось принять это приглашение, хотя я очень непринципиально себя ощущал. Я не желал оскорбить собственных новых друзей. 16. Он знал, что ему, может быть, придется прожить там больше THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD месяца. 17. Спроси старосту, кто сейчас должен принести наушники на урок фонетики. 18. Вчера мы должны были навестить Аню в поликлинике и потому не могли зайти к для тебя.

Ought

56. Comment on the meaning of the verb ought. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I think for your wife and children's THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD sake you ought to have a try. 2. There are people who think they ought to be reformed. 3. We all know that things are not always what they ought to be. 4. You ought to do something, you know; it'll be fatal for you to have nothing to do. 5. Have I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD said anything I oughtn't? 6. "I ought to have told Soames," he thought, "that I think him comic." 7. I suppose she is right. I oughtn't to have tried to speak to her! 8. By the end of the evening I almost felt that I ought to call him THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD "Uncle Jack." 9. It'll be lovely round there today. — Yes, it ought to be quite nice. 10. It is the last of the Madeira I had from Mr. Jolyon when we came in here; it ought to be in prime condition still.

57. Paraphrase the following sentences so as to use ought THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD (oughtn't) followed by a correct form of the infinitive:

E x a m p l e: I felt it would be only proper to follow his advice.

I felt I ought to follow his advice.

1. I knew it would be improper if I opened the letter. 2. I THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD recommended you to finish your work before going out. 3. I advise you not to eat between meals; it will make you fat. 4. I disapprove of your smoking so much; you are wasting your money and doing harm to your health. 5. It's a pity I didn't take those books THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD back to the library last week. 6. It was wrong of you not to tell our guide that you wanted to go sightseeing all by yourself. 7. You didn't wait till the lights were green before crossing the road, and it was wrong, you know. 8. It was unreasonable THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD of you to have crossed the road when the lights were red. 9. I wish you had been there. The performance was wonderful. 10. If he starts at eight he will probably be there by one o'clock.

58. Fill in the blanks with ought, have to, be to or need followed THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD by the appropriate infinitive:

1. Mother always tells me that I ... (to be) more careful. 2. You ... not (to tell) him my telephone number, he knows it. 3. You ... not (to say) that! See how distressed she is. 4.1 don't want to do it, but I.... 5. All the same, I think you ... (to THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD see) a doctor. There must be something the matter with you. 6. Don't forget that you ... (to get up) at seven! 7. But there was no other way out. 1... (to communicate) with him. No one else knew her address. 8. Such things ... not (to be allowed). 9, You ... not (to write THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD) such a long composition. The teacher only asked for 200 words, and you have written 400. 10. "Perhaps I... not (to trouble) you." He closed his lips tight. He was offended.

Should

59. Comment on the meaning of the verb should. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. Can you show me any English woman who speaks English THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD as it should be spoken? 2. A wife should obey her husband. 3. Besides you shouldn't cut your old friends now that you have risen in the world. 4. They should be taught a lesson. 5. I confess I did not foresee this turn of events. But I should have foreseen it THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD. 6. You have discovered what I intended you should never have known. 7. He should not have said it. The moment the words crossed his lips he knew it was not the right thing to say. 8. Considerable debate took place between the two sisters whether Timothy should or shouldn't be THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD summoned to see Annette. 9. "You should come here often," he said to Shelton... "You ought to come here often," he repeated to Shelton. 10. You ought to finish your work before going out. — I know I should.

60. State whether should is auxiliary or modal:

1. "So you think THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD I should go, then?" said Randall behind him. 2. At breakfast I told Mary that I should be absent at least four days. 3. I shouldn't have believed it if I hadn't seen it with my own eyes. 4. You really shouldn't have said that, Felix. I'll talk to him THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD myself. 5. How about Pinfold? Shouldn't he be here? 6. Thank God for our Gilbert. What should we do without him? 7. No one knew when I was to be back or if I should be back at all. 8. Felix said hastily, "Forgive me. I shouldn't have troubled THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD you". 9. Nell has just told me you wanted to see me or I shouldn't have troubled you. 10. They had not seen — no one should see her distress, not even her grandfather.

61. Translate the sentences into English, using must, ought, should, need, have to or be to:

1. Извините, что задержал THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD вас, но мне было надо позвонить домой и предупредить, чтоб меня не ожидали к обеду. 2. В конце концов мы решили, что нам не следует там подольше оставаться и что необходимо отчаливать в горы. 3. Ты должна одеться в самое наилучшее, я желаю, чтоб ты произвела на всех лучшее воспоминание. 4. Вы THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD должны были приготовить домашнее задание как надо. Тогда бы вам не пришлось задавать схожих вопросов. 5. Зря ты ожидала столько времени. Для тебя бы лучше было бросить мне записку. Я бы сделала все, что ты желала, 6. Они, должно быть, работают в лаборатории. Не следует им мешать. 7. Почему ты не пришла вчера THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD? — Я должна была встречать двоюродную сестру на вокзале. — Тогда ты должна была бы позвонить, мы бы тебя не ожидали. 8. Поступай, как знаешь, я не собираюсь мешать для тебя, не считая того, мне предстоит скоро уехать. 9. Вечер, возможно, будет увлекательным. Студенты так длительно готовили его. 10. Нет ничего забавного в THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD том, что он произнес. Необходимо быть серьезнее. И. Ему придется работать тут, пока лаборатория ремонтируется. 12. Ты произнес, это шуточки ради, а она обиделась. Необходимо быть более внимательным к людям. 13. Подготовка к их приезду заняла у нас целый денек. Каждому пришлось что-то сделать, 14. Такие люди достойны восхищения. 15. Мне не пришло в THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD голову побеседовать с ним, а следовало бы. 16. Не разрешай детям играть в моей комнате. Они перевернут там все ввысь дном, а для тебя позже придется приводить все в порядок. 17. Вам не надо было тревожить доктора. Я мог бы дать вам всю нужную информацию. 18. Им следовало бы удержать THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD его от такового неразумного шага. Они еще пожалеют об этом. 19. Я точно следую указаниям, которые получила. Я отлично знаю, с чегомне нужно начинать.

62. Comment on the use of should for the sake of emotional colouring. Pay attention to the structure of the sentences and the word combination it is THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AND THE CONDITIONAL MOOD found in:


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