The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс

The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс

^ The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola"
In 1937 the McDonnald brothers, Dick and Mark, opened

little restaurant in California. They served hot dogs and

milk shakes. In 1945 they have 20 waiters. All the teenagers

in The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс town ate hamburgers there. When the 1948 year came

they got paper boxes and bags for the hamburgers.


They put the price down from 30 to 15 cents. There were no

more waiters — it The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс was self-service. So it was cheaper and

faster.

In 1960s the McDonald's company opened hundreds of

McDonald's restaurants all over the States. In 1971 they

opened restaurants in Japan The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс, Germany and Australia.

Now the McDonald's company opens a new restaurant

every 8 hours. There are more than 14,000 restaurants in

over 70 countries.

The Coca-Cola story began in Atlanta in 1886. John

Pemberton The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс invented a new drink. Two of the ingredients were

the South American coca leaf and the African cola nut.

Pemberton couldn't think of a good name for the drink.

Finally, Dr. Pemberton The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс's partner Frank Robinson suggested

the name Coca-Cola. Thirty years later the famous Coca-Cola

bottle design first appeared.

For many years only Coca-Cola was мейд. They only The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс

introduced new drinks — Fanta, Sprite in the 1960s. The

recipe of Coca-Cola is a secret. Today they sell Coca-Cola in

195countries. Hundreds of millions of people from Boston to

Beijing drink The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс it every day. It has the most famous trademark

in the world.


Questions:

1. When did McDonald brothers open first restaurant?

2. What did they serve there?

3. When did the Coca-Cola story The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс begin?

4. Who invented this drink?

5. When did they introduce Fanta and Sprite?


Vocabulary:

shake — коктейль

self-service — самообслуживание

coca leaf — лист коки

cola nut — орешек кола

trademark — торговая марка


^ История "Макдональдса" и "Кока The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс-колы"

В 1937 году братья МакДональдс, Дик и Марк, откры-

ли небольшой ресторан в Калифорнии. Они подавали хот-

доги и молочные коктейли. В 1945 году у их работало

20 официантов. Все дети городка ели The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс там гамбурге-

ры. Когда наступил 1948 год, у их появились бумажные

коробки и пакеты для гамбургеров.

Они снизили стоимость с 20 до 15 центов. Больше не было официантов — это было самообслуживание. Потому все обходилось дешевле The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс и резвее.

В 1960-х годах компания "МакДональдс" открыла сотки ресторанов "МакДональдс" во всех штатах. В 1971 году они открыли рестораны в Стране восходящего солнца, Германии и Австралии.

На данный момент компания "МакДональдс" открывает The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс новый рес-

торан каждые 8 часов. Существует более 14 000 рестора-

нов в более чем 70 странах.

История кока-колы началась в 1886 году в Атланте.

Джон Пембертон изобрел новый напиток. Два его ингреди-

ента — американский лист The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс коки и африканский орешек

кола. Пембертон не мог придумать подходящее заглавие

для напитка. В конечном итоге партнер доктора Пембертона Френк

Робинсон предложил заглавие "Кока-кола". 30 лет

спустя появился известный дизайн бутылки кока-колы.

Много лет The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс изготовлялась только кока-кола. Новые на

питки — фанта, спрайт — были представлены в 1960-х

годах. Рецепт кока-колы держат в секрете. Сейчас кока-

кола продается в 195 странах. Сотки миллионов людей от

Бостона до The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс Пекина пьют ее каждый денек. Это самая зна-

менитая торговая марка в мире.

^ Schools Abroad
In Britain all children from five to sixteen go to school.

They spend six years in The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс "primary" school and then go on to

"secondary" school. In Britain there are "state" schools, which

are free and private schools for which parents pay. Many

British private schools are "boarding The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс" schools. The children

there usually wear uniforms. They stay at school all the time

and only come home in the holidays.


In America all children from six to sixteen go to school.

They The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс spend six years in "elementary" school and four or six

years in "secondary" or "high" school. At the end of every

school year the child takes a test. If he doesn't do The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс well, he has

to repeat the material once more. If he does well he goes into

the next class. School education is free. Some schools have

modern teaching equipment The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс like computers. But there are

also small country schools with just one classroom.


At the end of their time at school, most students get a high

school diploma. If they want to go on to The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс college,they take

college admission tests. Teaching in both countries is usually

quite informal. Students often work together in groups and

go to the teacher only when they do need The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс help.


Questions:

1. When do British children go to school?

2. Are there any free schools in Britain?

3. At what schools do British children wear uniforms?

4. What can you tell about education in America The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс?

5. Teaching in both countries is very informal, isn't it?


Vocabulary:

free — бесплатный

equipment — оборудование

admission test —вступительный тест

primary (elementary) school — младшая школа

secondary school — средняя школа

bearding school — пансион The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс


^ Школа за границей

В Британии все детки с 5 до шестнадцати лет прогуливаются

в школу. Они проводят 6 лет в младшей школе, а

потом перебегают в среднюю школу. В Британии есть бес-

платные муниципальные школы, личные, за The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс которые ро-

дители платят. Многие английские личные школы — это

пансионы. Малыши тут обычно носят форму. Все они время

находятся в школе и только уезжают домой на каникулы.


В Америке детки The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс прогуливаются в школу с 6 до шестнадцати

лет. 6 лет они обучаются в младшей школе и четыре

либо 6 лет в средней либо высшей школе. В конце

каждого учебного года ребенок сдает тест. Если он плохо

совладевает The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс, ему приходится повторять материал снова.

Если все выходит отлично, он перебегает в последующий

класс. Школьное образование бесплатное. Некие шко-

лы имеют современное обучающее устройство наподобие

компьютера. Но также есть The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс мелкие сельские

школы только с одной классной комнатой.

В конце обучения большая часть получают диплом выс-

шей школы. Если они желают продолжить образование в

институте, то проходят вступительные испытания в институт.

Обучение The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс в обеих странах обычно довольно неофициаль-

ное. Студенты нередко работают вкупе в группах и обраща-

ются к учителю, когда им нужна помощь.

^ Independence Day
On July 4 the Americans celebrate their national holiday The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс

— Independence Day. The United States gained independence

as a result of gradual and painful process. By the

mid 1700's, it became difficult for thirteen British colonies in

the New World to be The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс ruled by a king 3000 miles across the

ocean. The British empire imposed high taxes upon the colonies.


In 1774, the First Continental Congress drew up a list of

grievances against the British crown. This The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс document was the

first draft of the document that would formally separate

colonies from England. In 1775, the Revolutionary War began.

On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress presented a

second draft of The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс the list of grievances. On July 4, the Continental

Congress approved the Declaration of independence. But the

War of independence lasted until 1783. After the war

Independence Day became an official holiday.

On July 4, Americans The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс have holiday from work. People have

day-long picnics with favorite foods like hot dogs, ham-burgers,

potato salad, baked beans. Lively music is heard everywhere.

People play baseball or compete at three-legged The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс races or pieeating or water-melon-eating contests.


Some cities have parades with people dressed as the original founding fathers who march to the music of high school bands The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс. In the evening people gather to watch firework displays. Wherever Americans are around the globe they will get together to celebrate Independence Day.


Questions:

1. When do Americans celebrate Independence Day?

2. Was the process of The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс gaining independence easy?

3. What was the draft of the Declaration of independence?

4. When was the Declaration of independence approved?

5. Do Americans work on this day?

6. What is the traditional July The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс 4 meal?

7. What activities are popular on this day?

Vocabulary:

independence — независимость

to celebrate — праздновать

gradual — постепенный

painful — больной

to impose taxes — облагать налогами

grievance — претензия

draft — проект

Revolutionary War — война за независимость The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс

War of independence = Revolutionary War

Continental Congress — континентальный конгресс

to approve — утвердить

Declaration of independence — Декларация независимости

tree-legged races — бег наперегонки в парах; у каждой

пары две ноги связаны

pie-eating/water-melon The Story of "McDonald's" and "Coca-Cola" - Бао-пресс-eating contests — соревнование,

цель которого съесть как можно больше пирога либо

арбузов

founding fathers — отцы-основатели

firework — фейерверк


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